WHAT IS ZAKAT-UL-FITR (FITRANA)?
Zakat-ul-Fitr - also known as Fitrana - is an important part of Ramadan, and key act of charity, for it enables those less fortunate than ourselves to celebrate the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and mark the breaking of the fast.
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy.”
(Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah)
The amount of Zakat-ul-Fitr is universal amongst Muslims, regardless of individual income. This money is then given to those in need (the poor and needy, debtors, travellers and so on) before commencing Eid-ul-Fitr Salah (Eid-ul-Fitr prayer).
There are many terms for Zakat-ul-Fitr, such as Fitrana and Sadaqatul Fitr; which are all the same form of Zakat.