Al Hajaj (just south of Baiji) on the River Tigris in Salah Al-Din Governorate has been subject to a range of negative impacts resulting from the ongoing conflict between the Iraq Government and Daesh (ISIL/IS).
While the damage and destruction of buildings such as residential housing is less severe than in some other areas there has nevertheless been substantial impacts to local infrastructure and the natural resource base that underpins the livelihoods for many of the farmers that are resident in Al Hajaj District and its villages. These problems stem from the construction of battle defences such as earth mounds using agricultural soils thus damaging farmland surfaces and creating deep erosion, and from the loss of electricity supply lines and transformers that provide the electricity to run the irrigation pumps. In addition, many of the farm lands are overgrown with weeds and shrubs and farmers no longer have access to suitable equipment, farm inputs (fertilisers/seeds), tools and labour to prepare for the coming spring season. In many of the villages there is debris and rubble scattered around, with solid waste adding to the piles which the local authorities are unable to manage. residents of Al Hajaj District were in urgent need of assistance particular to encourage returnees by providing an enabling environment that supported local food production with a focus of targeting the most vulnerable families in the District.
As in HRFs previous interventions with the UNDP, this project was not just about recovery and rehabilitation but also re-building the community fabric including the social dimensions required for a just and fair society for the future of Iraq.
It focused on providing immediate support for current residents and providing incentives for the safe return of displaced families through the rehabilitation of livelihoods in the newly accessible areas of Al Hajaj District.
Agricultural lands were prepared and farm inputs were provided to 47 farms for planting and initial application of NPK fertilizer. Irrigation systems were repaired with 14 transformers, 55 on-farm irrigation pumps and 3 mainline network irrigation pumps fixed.
In addition a total of 21 greenhouses were repaired and replanted. Restocking activities culminated in the provision of 20 cows; 50000 poultry; 20 beehives and 5000 fishlings & fish feed to 7 aquaculture farms were provided.
The area of the remains of debris was cleaned in the streets, markets, public places and service departments and moved to places designated outside the area, according to the direction of the district director and local council.
In addition 20 house repair grants were given to the most vulnerable households.
In total 4795 CFW days have been completed over a period of three months, providing financial assistance up to 417 males and 144 females.